First of all where is the sacroiliac joint within the body? The sacroiliac joint is part of the lower back and joins the tail bone to one of the pelvic bones.
It acts to transfer weight from the spine to the pelvis. Allowing for small movements to occur. If there is too much force placed on the sacroiliac joint and surrounding ligaments then an injury may occur. This is known as Sacroiliac dysfunction.
Causes of Sacroiliac Pain.
Causes of sacroiliac joint pain can be excessive forces of the muscles and ligaments in the area. It can come from bending, lifting, sitting, arching, twisting movements of the spine, even from weight bearing forces from jumping or running. Also things such as a sudden trauma or repetitive action can cause sacroiliac joint pain.
Signs and Symptoms.
- The pain is usually felt on one side of the lower back, top of buttocks, sometimes referring into the lower buttock, groin or thigh.
- Rare cases it can be felt on both sides of the lower back.
- Rolling over in bed, putting or taking off shoes, walking up and down stairs or running.
- May also be associated with asymmetry of pelvis, due to muscle tightness, joint stiffness or joint laxity associated with pregnancy.
- Dry needling
- Exercises to improve muscle strength, flexibility, posture and core stability.
- Muscle imbalance
- Leg length
- Muscle weakness or tightness
- Biomechanical abnormalities
- Poor posture
- Lumbar stiffness
- Poor core stability
- Inappropriate lifting techniques
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